Geography of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a riverine nation situated in the middle of the Ganges delta. Mostly flat, there are a few hilly areas in the south east and the north east.

The delta landmass comprise mainly of three mighty rivers the-Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna, with a network of numerous rivers and canals. Vast green fields are hounded by low hills in the northeast and the southeast with an average elevation of 244 and 610 metres respectively. The highest point is located in the south-eastern extremity of Chittagong Hill Tracts.

  • Maps: Various maps of Bangladesh.
  • Land Resources: The land resources of Bangladesh.
  • Natural Resources: While Bangladesh isn’t terribly endowed with mineral resources, recent discoveries of massive natural gas finds and possible oil finds have made her an attractive option for oil companies to invest in.

At a glance:

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Area:

  • Total: 144,000 sq km
  • Land: 133,910 sq km
  • Water: 10,090 sq km

Area – comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Land boundaries:

  • Total: 4,246 km
  • Border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

Coastline: 580 km
Maritime claims:

  • Contiguous zone: 18 nm
  • Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
  • Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
  • Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Elevation extremes:

  • Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
  • Highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m

Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber
Land use:

  • arable land: 52.97%
  • permanent crops: 6.25%
  • other: 40.78% (2011)

Irrigated land: 50,000 sq km (2011 est.)
Natural hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season